Megadiverse countries

The 17 countries identified as megadiverse by Conservation International

The term megadiverse country refers to any one of a group of nations that harbor the majority of Earth's species and high numbers of endemic species. Conservation International identified 17 megadiverse countries in 1998.[1][2] Many of them are located in, or partially in, tropical or subtropical regions.

Megadiversity means exhibiting great biodiversity. The main criterion for megadiverse countries is endemism at the level of species, genera and families. A megadiverse country must have at least 5,000 species of endemic plants and must border marine ecosystems.

In 2002, Mexico formed a separate organization focusing on Like-Minded Megadiverse Countries, consisting of countries rich in biological diversity and associated traditional knowledge. This organization includes all but three megadiverse countries as identified by Conservation International.[3][failed verification]

  1. ^ Williams, J. (2001). "Biodiversity Theme Report". Archived from the original on 2008-12-08. Retrieved 2019-10-02.
  2. ^ "Megadiverse Countries definition| Biodiversity A-Z".
  3. ^ "Biodiversity, Australia State of the Environment Report 2001 (Theme Report): The meaning, significance and implications of biodiversity (Megadiverse countries)". 2014-12-11. Archived from the original on 2014-12-11. Retrieved 2018-07-02.

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