Internet of things


The Internet of things (IoT) describes physical objects (or groups of such objects) that are embedded with sensors, processing ability, software, and other technologies that connect and exchange data with other devices and systems over the Internet or other communications networks.[1][2][3][4]

The field has evolved due to the convergence of multiple technologies, including ubiquitous computing, commodity sensors, increasingly powerful embedded systems, and machine learning.[1] Traditional fields of embedded systems, wireless sensor networks, control systems, automation (including home and building automation), independently and collectively enable the Internet of things. In the consumer market, IoT technology is most synonymous with products pertaining to the concept of the "smart home", including devices and appliances (such as lighting fixtures, thermostats, home security systems and cameras, and other home appliances) that support one or more common ecosystems, and can be controlled via devices associated with that ecosystem, such as smartphones and smart speakers. The IoT can also be used in healthcare systems.[5]

There are a number of concerns about the risks in the growth of IoT technologies and products, especially in the areas of privacy and security, and consequently, industry and governmental moves to address these concerns have begun, including the development of international and local standards, guidelines, and regulatory frameworks.[6]

  1. ^ a b Gillis, Alexander (2021). "What is internet of things (IoT)?". IOT Agenda. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  2. ^ Brown, Eric (20 September 2016). "21 Open Source Projects for IoT". Linux.com. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Internet of Things Global Standards Initiative". ITU. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  4. ^ Hendricks, Drew. "The Trouble with the Internet of Things". London Datastore. Greater London Authority. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
  5. ^ Laplante, Phillip A.; Kassab, Mohamad; Laplante, Nancy L.; Voas, Jeffrey M. (2018). "Building Caring Healthcare Systems in the Internet of Things". IEEE Systems Journal. 12 (3): 3030–3037. Bibcode:2018ISysJ..12.3030L. doi:10.1109/JSYST.2017.2662602. ISSN 1932-8184. PMC 6506834. PMID 31080541.
  6. ^ "The New York City Internet of Things Strategy". www1.nyc.gov. Retrieved 6 September 2021.

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