Heckert GNU white.svg
Gnu hurd debian 1.png
Debian GNU/Hurd with Xfce4 and web browser Midori
Written inVarious (notably C and assembly language)
OS familyUnix-like
Working stateCurrent
Source modelFree software
Latest preview0.401 (1 April 2011) [±] R
Marketing targetPersonal computers, mobile devices, embedded devices, servers, mainframes, supercomputers
PlatformsIA-32 (with Hurd kernel only) and Alpha, ARC, ARM, AVR32, Blackfin, C6x, ETRAX CRIS, FR-V, H8/300, Hexagon, Itanium, M32R, m68k, META, MicroBlaze, MIPS, MN103, OpenRISC, PA-RISC, PowerPC, s390, S+core, SuperH, SPARC, TILE64, Unicore32, x86, Xtensa (with Linux-libre kernel only)
Kernel typeMicrokernel (GNU Hurd) or Monolithic kernel (GNU Linux-libre, fork of Linux)

GNU (/ɡn/ (About this soundlisten))[3][4] is an extensive collection of free software, which can be used as an operating system or can be used in parts with other operating systems.[5][6][7] The use of the completed GNU tools led to the family of operating systems popularly known as Linux.[8] Most of GNU is licensed under the GNU Project's own General Public License (GPL).

Richard Stallman, founder of the GNU project

GNU is also the project within which the free software concept originated. Richard Stallman, the founder of the project, views GNU as a "technical means to a social end".[9] Relatedly, Lawrence Lessig states in his introduction to the second edition of Stallman's book Free Software, Free Society that in it Stallman has written about "the social aspects of software and how Free Software can create community and social justice".[10]

  1. ^ "GNU Licenses".
  2. ^ "GNU FSDG".
  3. ^ "What is GNU?". The GNU Operating System. Free Software Foundation. September 4, 2009. Retrieved October 9, 2009. The name ‘GNU’ is a recursive acronym for ‘GNU's Not Unix‘; it is pronounced g-noo, as one syllable with no vowel sound between the g and the n.
  4. ^ Cite error: The named reference rms-zagreb-talk was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  5. ^ Cite error: The named reference handbookonopensource was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ "GNU Manifesto". GNU project. FSF. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
  7. ^ Raymond, Eric (February 1, 2001). The Cathedral & the Bazaar: Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary. "O'Reilly Media, Inc.". pp. 10–12. ISBN 978-0-59600108-7.
  8. ^ "1.2. What is GNU/Linux?". Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  9. ^ Stallman, Richard (1986), "KTH", Philosophy (speech), GNU, Stockholm, Sweden: FSF.
  10. ^ Stallman, Richard M.; Gay, Joshua (December 2009). Free Software, Free Society: Selected Essays Of Richard M. Stallman. ISBN 9781441436856. Retrieved March 24, 2016.

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