GNOME Shell 41 with GNOME Web (released in 2021-09).png
GNOME Shell with GNOME Web (version 41, released in September 2021)
Original author(s)Miguel de Icaza and Federico Mena
Developer(s)The GNOME Project
Initial release3 March 1999 (1999-03-03)[1]
Stable release
41.1[2] Edit this on Wikidata / 5 November 2021
Preview release
41.rc[3] Edit this on Wikidata / 8 September 2021
Written inC, XML, C++, C#, HTML, Vala, Python, JavaScript, CSS, and more[4]
Operating systemBSD, Linux, Unix
PlatformWayland and X11
Available in34[5] languages
TypeDesktop environment
LicenseGPL-2.0-or-later[6] Edit this on Wikidata

GNOME (/ɡəˈnm, ˈnm/)[7][8] is a free and open-source desktop environment for Unix-like[9] operating systems. GNOME was originally an acronym for GNU Network Object Model Environment, but the acronym was dropped because it no longer reflected the vision of the GNOME project.[10][better source needed]

GNOME is developed by The GNOME Project, which is composed of both volunteers and paid contributors, the largest corporate contributor being Red Hat.[11][12] It is an international project that aims to develop software frameworks for the development of software, to program end-user applications based on these frameworks, and to coordinate efforts for internationalization and localization and accessibility of that software.

GNOME 3 is the default desktop environment on many major Linux distributions including Fedora, Debian, Ubuntu, SUSE Linux Enterprise, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, CentOS, Pop!_OS, Oracle Linux, Endless OS, and Tails; as well as Solaris, a Unix operating system. The continued fork of the last GNOME 2 release, called MATE, is default on many Linux distros that target low usage of system resources.

  1. ^ "GNOME 1.0 Released" (Press release). San Jose, California: The GNOME Project. 3 March 1999. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  2. ^ "GNOME 41.1 released". 5 November 2021.
  3. ^ "GNOME 41.RC is now available!". 8 September 2021.
  4. ^ "The GNOME Open Source Project on Open Hub: Languages Page".
  5. ^ "Internationalization".
  6. ^ "GNOME License". Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  7. ^ Sandler, Karen (26 March 2014). "Introducing GNOME 3.12". The GNOME Project (video). YouTube. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  8. ^ Clinton, Jason (2 April 2011). "GNOME 3: Fewer interruptions". The GNOME Project (video). YouTube. Retrieved 7 April 2011.
  9. ^ Clasen, Matthias (19 February 2014). "Portability of the GNOME desktop environment". Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  10. ^ Klapper, Andre (6 April 2010). "Re: GNOME -> Gnome". GNOME marketing list (Mailing list). Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  11. ^ GNOME census (PDF), Neary
  12. ^ "Staring into the abyss". Gnome. 27 July 2012. Retrieved 15 March 2014.

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