Chrome OS

Chrome OS
The Chrome OS logo as of 2020.png
Logo as of July 2020
A screenshot of Chrome OS r87.png
Chrome OS 87 Desktop
Written inC, C++, assembly, JavaScript, HTML5, Python, Rust
OS familyLinux (Unix-like)[1]
Working statePreinstalled on Chromebooks, Chromeboxes, Chromebits, Chromebases, Chromeblets
Source modelClosed-source with open-source components
Initial releaseJune 15, 2011 (2011-06-15)
Latest release96.0.4664.77 (November 30, 2021 (2021-11-30)[2]) [±]
Latest preview

97.0.4692.36 (December 2, 2021 (2021-12-02)[3]) [±]

98.0.4729.0 (December 1, 2021 (2021-12-01)[4]) [±]
Update methodRolling release
Package managerPortage[a]
PlatformsARM32, ARM64, x86, x86-64
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux kernel)[6]
UserlandAura Shell (Ash), Ozone (display manager); X11 apps can be enabled in recent Chrome OS
user interface
Google Chrome
Official Edit this at Wikidata

Chrome OS (sometimes styled as chromeOS) is a Gentoo Linux-based operating system designed by Google. It is derived from the free software Chromium OS and uses the Google Chrome web browser as its principal user interface. Unlike Chromium OS, Chrome OS is proprietary software.

Google announced the project, based on Ubuntu,[8] in July 2009, conceiving it as an operating system in which both applications and user data reside in the cloud: hence Chrome OS primarily runs web applications.[9] Source code and a public demo came that November. The first Chrome OS laptop, known as a Chromebook, arrived in May 2011. Initial Chromebook shipments from Samsung and Acer occurred in July 2011.

Chrome OS has an integrated media player and file manager. It supports Progressive Web Apps and Chrome Apps; these resemble native applications, as well as remote access to the desktop. As more Chrome OS machines have entered the market, the operating system is now seldom evaluated apart from the hardware that runs it.[10]

Android applications started to become available for the operating system in 2014, and in 2016, access to Android apps in Google Play's entirety was introduced on supported Chrome OS devices. Support for a Linux terminal and applications, known as Project Crostini,[11] was released to the stable channel in 2018 with Chrome OS 69. This was made possible via a lightweight Linux kernel that runs containers inside a virtual machine.

Chrome OS is only available pre-installed on hardware from Google manufacturing partners, but there are unofficial methods that allow it to be installed on other equipment.[12] Its open-source upstream, Chromium OS, can be compiled from downloaded source code. Early on, Google provided design goals for Chrome OS, but has not otherwise released a technical description.

  1. ^ Pichai, Sundar (July 7, 2009). "Introducing the Google Chrome OS". Official Google Blog. Google, Inc. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
  2. ^ "Stable Channel Update for Chrome OS". November 30, 2021. Retrieved December 1, 2021.
  3. ^ Cole Brown (December 2, 2021). "Beta Channel Update for Chrome OS". Retrieved December 3, 2021.
  4. ^ Matt Nelson (December 1, 2021). "Dev Channel Update for Chrome OS". Retrieved December 3, 2021.
  5. ^ "Dev-Install: Installing Developer and Test packages onto a Chrome OS device - The Chromium Projects".
  6. ^ "Kernel Design: Background, Upgrades". Retrieved September 7, 2011.
  7. ^ Google. "Google Chrome OS Terms of Service". Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  8. ^ Cite error: The named reference zorigins was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  9. ^ "Kernel Design". The Chromium Projects.
  10. ^ Springer, Jeff (July 12, 2021). "What apps run on Chrome OS? These are the Best Chrome OS apps!". XDA. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
  11. ^ "Chromium OS Docs - Running Custom Containers Under Chrome OS".
  12. ^ "Chrome OS unofficial forks". Retrieved December 20, 2018.

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