Name formalityFormal
Name ratified2018[2]
Former name(s)Cambrian Stage 5
Usage information
Celestial bodyEarth
Regional usageGlobal (ICS)
Time scale(s) usedICS Time Scale
Chronological unitAge
Stratigraphic unitStage
First proposed byZhao et al., 2018[3]
Time span formalityFormal
Lower boundary definitionFAD of Oryctocephalus indicus.
Lower boundary GSSPWuliu-Zengjiayan, Guizhou, China
26°04′51″N 108°24′50″E / 26.0807°N 108.4138°E / 26.0807; 108.4138
Lower GSSP ratified2018[2]
Upper boundary definitionFAD of the Trilobite Ptychagnostus atavus
Upper boundary GSSPDrumian section, Wheeler Shale, Utah, U.S.A.
39°30′42″N 112°59′29″W / 39.5117°N 112.9915°W / 39.5117; -112.9915
Upper GSSP ratified2006[4]

The Wuliuan stage is the fifth stage of the Cambrian, and the first stage of the Miaolingian Series of the Cambrian. It was formally defined by the International Commission on Stratigraphy in 2018.[5] Its base is defined by the first appearance of the trilobite species Oryctocephalus indicus; it ends with the beginning of the Drumian Stage, marked by the first appearance of the trilobite Ptychagnostus atavus around 504.5 million years ago.[6]

The 'golden spike' that formally defines the base of the period is driven into the Wuliu-Zengjiayan(乌溜-曾家崖)section of the Kaili formation, near Balang Village in the Miaoling Mountains, Guizhou, China.[7]

  1. ^ "Chart/Time Scale". stratigraphy.org. International Commission on Stratigraphy.
  2. ^ a b Yuanlong Zhao; Jinliang Yuan; Loren E. Babcock; Qingjun Guo; Jin Peng; Leiming Yin; Xinglian Yang; Shanchi Peng; Chunjiang Wang; Robert R. Gaines; Jorge Esteve; Tongsu Tai; Ruidong Yang; Yue Wang; Haijing Sun; Yuning Yang (June 2019). "Global Standard Stratotype-Section and Point (GSSP) for the conterminous base of the Miaolingian Series and Wuliuan Stage (Cambrian) at Balang, Jianhe, Guizhou, China" (PDF). Episodes. 42 (2): 165–184. doi:10.18814/epiiugs/2019/019013. S2CID 202181406. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
  3. ^ Yuanlong, Zhao; Jinliang, Yuan; Babcock, Loren; Qingjun, Guo; Jin, Peng; Leiming, Yin; Xinglian, Yang; Chunjiang, Wang; Gaines, Robert; Esteve, Jorge; Ruidong, Yang; Yuning, Yang; Haijing, Sun; Tongsu, Tai. "PROPOSED GLOBAL STANDARD STRATOTYPE-SECTION AND POINT FOR THE BASE OF THE MIAOLINGIAN SERIES AND WULIUAN STAGE (REPLACING PROVISIONAL CAMBRIAN SERIES 3 AND STAGE 5)". International Subcommission on Cretaceous Stratigraphy. International Subcommission on Cambrian Stratigraphy. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
  4. ^ Babcock, Loren; Robison, Richard; Rees, Margaret; Peng, Shanchi; Saltzman, Matthew (June 2007). "The Global boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) of the Drumian Stage (Cambrian) in the Drum Mountains, Utah, USA". Episodes. 30 (2): 85–89. doi:10.18814/epiiugs/2007/v30i2/003. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
  5. ^ "ChronostratChart2018-08" (PDF).
  6. ^ "GSSP Table - Paleozoic Era". Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  7. ^ "ISCS Annual Report 2017.pdf" (PDF).

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