Strait of Gibraltar

Strait of Gibraltar
A satellite image of a narrow strip of water separating two land masses
The Strait of Gibraltar as seen from space.
The Iberian Peninsula is on the left and North Africa is on the right.
Strait of Gibraltar is located in North Atlantic
Strait of Gibraltar
Strait of Gibraltar
Location of the Strait of Gibraltar between Africa (centre right) and Europe (top right), connecting the Atlantic Ocean in the centre to the Mediterranean Sea on the right
LocationAtlantic Ocean – Mediterranean Sea
Coordinates35°58′N 5°29′W / 35.967°N 5.483°W / 35.967; -5.483
Native name
Basin countries
Min. width13 km (8.1 mi)
Max. depth900 metres (2,953 ft)

The Strait of Gibraltar (Arabic: مضيق جبل طارق, romanizedMaḍīq Jabal Ṭāriq; Spanish: Estrecho de Gibraltar, Archaic: Pillars of Hercules), also known as the Straits of Gibraltar,[1] is a narrow strait that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea and separates Europe from Africa.

The two continents are separated by 13 kilometres (8.1 miles; 7.0 nautical miles) of ocean at the Strait's narrowest point between Point Marroquí in Spain and Point Cires in Morocco.[2] Ferries cross between the two continents every day in as little as 35 minutes. The Strait's depth ranges between 300 and 900 metres (980 and 2,950 feet; 160 and 490 fathoms).[3]

The strait lies in the territorial waters of Morocco, Spain, and the British overseas territory of Gibraltar. Under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, foreign vessels and aircraft have the freedom of navigation and overflight to cross the strait of Gibraltar in case of continuous transit.

  1. ^ "Strait | Meaning of Strait by Lexico". Lexico Dictionaries | English. Archived from the original on November 28, 2020. Retrieved 2020-04-28.
  2. ^ "Strait of Gibraltar | channel". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-10-24.
  3. ^ See Robinson, Allan Richard and Paola Malanotte-Rizzoli, Ocean Processes in Climate Dynamics: Global and Mediterranean Examples. Springer, 1994, p. 307, ISBN 0-7923-2624-5.

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