Spotted eagle ray

Spotted eagle ray
Eagle Ray Turks and Caicos Dec 15 2006.JPG
Spotted eagle ray at Turks and Caicos

Endangered (IUCN 3.1)[1] (as a whole)

Near Threatened (IUCN 3.1)(in central and northern South America)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Order: Myliobatiformes
Family: Aetobatidae
Genus: Aetobatus
A. narinari
Binomial name
Aetobatus narinari
Map showing Distribution of A. Narinari
Range of spotted eagle ray as traditionally recognized, but see text

Aetobatis latirostris
Aetobatis narinari
Aetomylus maculatus
Myliobatis eeltenkee
Myliobatis macroptera
Myliobatus punctatus
Raia quinqueaculeata
Raja narinari
Stoasodon narinari

The spotted eagle ray (Aetobatus narinari) is a cartilaginous fish of the eagle ray family, Aetobatidae. As traditionally recognized, it is found globally in tropical regions, including the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. Recent authorities have restricted it to the Atlantic (including the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico) with other populations recognized as the ocellated eagle ray (A. ocellatus) and Pacific white-spotted eagle ray (A. laticeps). Spotted eagle rays are most commonly seen alone, but occasionally swim in groups. They are ovoviviparous, the female retaining the eggs then releasing the young as miniature versions of the parent.

This ray can be identified by its dark dorsal surface covered in white spots or rings. Near the base of the ray's relatively long tail, just behind the pelvic fins, are several venomous, barbed stingers. Spotted eagle rays commonly feed on small fish and crustaceans, and will sometimes dig with their snouts to look for food buried in the sand of the sea bed. These rays are commonly observed leaping out of the water, and on at least two occasions have been reported as having jumped into boats, in one incident resulting in the death of a woman in the Florida Keys. The spotted eagle ray is hunted by a wide variety of sharks. The rays are considered near threatened on the IUCN Red List. They are fished mainly in Southeast Asia and Africa, the most common market being in commercial trade and aquariums. They are protected in the Great Barrier Reef.

  1. ^ a b Dulvy, N.K.; Carlson, J.; Charvet, P.; Ajemian, M.J.; Bassos-Hull, K.; Blanco-Parra, MP, Chartrain, E.; Derrick, D.; Dia, M.; Diop, M.; Doherty, P.; Dossa, J.; De Bruyne, G.; Herman, K.; Leurs, G.H.L.; Mejía-Falla, P.A.; Navia, A.F.; Pacoureau, N.; Pérez Jiménez, J.C.; Pires, J.D.; Seidu, I.; Soares, A.-L.; Tamo, A.; VanderWright, W.J.; Williams, A.B. (2021) [amended version of 2021 assessment]. "Aetobatus narinari". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2021: e.T42564343A201613657. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2021-2.RLTS.T42564343A201613657.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Bester, Cathleen. "Ichthyology at the Florida Museum of Natural History". Florida Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 21 October 2011.

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