A male Drosophila melanogaster fly
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Drosophilidae
Subfamily: Drosophilinae
Genus: Drosophila
Subgenus: Sophophora
Sturtevant, 1939
Type species
Drosophila melanogaster
Meigen, 1830
Species groups

The paraphyletic subgenus Sophophora of the genus Drosophila was first described by Alfred Sturtevant in 1939.[1] It contains the best-known drosophilid species, Drosophila melanogaster. Sophophora translates as carrier (phora) of wisdom (sophos). The subgenus is paraphyletic because the genus Lordiphosa[2][3] and the species Hirtodrosophila duncani[4][5] are also placed within this subgenus.

  1. ^ Sturtevant AH (1 March 1939). "On the Subdivision of the Genus Drosophila". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 25 (3): 137–141. Bibcode:1939PNAS...25..137S. doi:10.1073/PNAS.25.3.137. ISSN 0027-8424. PMC 1077728. PMID 16577879. Wikidata Q33744392.
  2. ^ Katoh T; Tamura K; Aotsuka T (1 August 2000). "Phylogenetic position of the subgenus Lordiphosa of the genus Drosophila (Diptera: Drosophilidae) inferred from alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh) gene sequences". Journal of Molecular Evolution. 51 (2): 122–130. doi:10.1007/S002390010072. ISSN 0022-2844. PMID 10948268. Wikidata Q47836653.
  3. ^ Y.-G. & Toda, M. J. (January 2001). "Polyphyly of Lordiphosa and its relationships in Drosophilinae (Diptera: Drosophilidae)" (PDF). Systematic Entomology. 26 (1): 15–31. doi:10.1046/J.1365-3113.2001.00135.X. ISSN 0307-6970. Wikidata Q111288747.
  4. ^ Patrick O'Grady; Rob Desalle (23 April 2008). "Out of Hawaii: the origin and biogeography of the genus Scaptomyza (Diptera: Drosophilidae)". Biology Letters. 4 (2): 195–9. doi:10.1098/RSBL.2007.0575. ISSN 1744-9561. PMC 2429922. PMID 18296276. Wikidata Q24654259.
  5. ^ Kim van der Linde; David Houle; Greg S Spicer; Scott J Steppan (1 February 2010). "A supermatrix-based molecular phylogeny of the family Drosophilidae" (PDF). Genetics Research. 92 (1): 25–38. doi:10.1017/S001667231000008X. ISSN 0016-6723. PMID 20433773. Wikidata Q34113101.

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