Lobe-finned fishes
Temporal range:
Late SilurianPresent,
From top to bottom and left to right, examples of sarcopterygians: Guiyu oneiros, West Indian Ocean coelacanth, Australian lungfish and the tetrapodomorph Panderichthys rhombolepis.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Euteleostomi
Clade: Sarcopterygii
Romer, 1955

Sarcopterygii (/ˌsɑːrkɒptəˈrɪi./; from Ancient Greek σάρξ (sárx) 'flesh', and πτέρυξ (ptérux) 'wing, fins') — sometimes considered synonymous with Crossopterygii (from Ancient Greek κροσσός (krossós) 'fringe') — is a taxon (traditionally a class or subclass) of the bony fishes known as the lobe-finned fishes. The group Tetrapoda, a mostly terrestrial superclass including amphibians, sauropsids (reptiles, including dinosaurs and therefore birds) and synapsids (with mammals being the only extant group), evolved from certain sarcopterygians; under a cladistic view, tetrapods are themselves considered a subgroup within Sarcopterygii.

The known extant non-tetrapod sarcopterygians include two species of coelacanths and six species of lungfishes.

  1. ^ Zhao, W.; Zhang, X.; Jia, G.; Shen, Y.; Zhu, M. (2021). "The Silurian-Devonian boundary in East Yunnan (South China) and the minimum constraint for the lungfish-tetrapod split". Science China Earth Sciences. 64 (10): 1784–1797. Bibcode:2021ScChD..64.1784Z. doi:10.1007/s11430-020-9794-8. S2CID 236438229.

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