Rewilding (conservation biology)

Longhorn cattle at Knepp Wildland in 2019

Rewilding is a form of ecological restoration aimed at increasing biodiversity and restoring natural processes. It differs from ecological restoration in that, while human intervention may be involved, rewilding aspires to reduce human influence on ecosystems. It is also distinct in that, while it places emphasis on recovering geographically specific sets of ecological interactions and functions that would have maintained ecosystems prior to human influence,[1] rewilding is open to novel or emerging ecosystems which encompass new species and new interactions.

A key feature of rewilding is its focus on replacing human interventions with natural processes. The aim is to create resilient, self-regulating and self-sustaining ecosystems.

While rewilding initiatives can be controversial, the United Nations has listed rewilding as one of several methods needed to achieve massive scale restoration of natural ecosystems, which they say must be accomplished by 2030[2] as part of the 30x30 campaign.[3]

  1. ^ Carver, Steve; et al. (2021). "Guiding principles for rewilding". Conservation Biology. 35 (6): 1882–1893. doi:10.1111/cobi.13730. PMID 33728690. S2CID 232263088.
  2. ^ Greenfield, Patrick (3 June 2021). "World must rewild on massive scale to heal nature and climate, says UN". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  3. ^ Jepson, Paul (18 May 2022). "The creative way to pay for wildlife recovery". Knowable Magazine. doi:10.1146/knowable-051822-1. Retrieved 31 May 2022.

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