Paratype of Lepidothrix vilasboasi (Sick, 1959) in Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin
Paratype of Cadurcotherium nouletiMHNT

In zoology and botany, a paratype is a specimen of an organism that helps define what the scientific name of a species and other taxon actually represents, but it is not the holotype (and in botany is also neither an isotype nor a syntype). Often there is more than one paratype. Paratypes are usually held in museum research collections.

The exact meaning of the term paratype when it is used in zoology is not the same as the meaning when it is used in botany. In both cases however, this term is used in conjunction with holotype.

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