Northern pike

Northern pike
Esox lucius ZOO 1.jpg
Northern pike at Plzeň Zoo
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Esociformes
Family: Esocidae
Genus: Esox
E. lucius
Binomial name
Esox lucius
Distribution map of Esox lucius.png
Range of northern pike as traditionally defined (including populations now often regarded as separate species: Amur, Aquitanian and southern pikes)

The northern pike (Esox lucius) is a species of carnivorous fish of the genus Esox (the pikes). They are typical of brackish and fresh waters of the Northern Hemisphere (i.e. holarctic in distribution). They are known simply as a pike (PL: pike) in Great Britain, Ireland, and most of Eastern Europe, Canada and the United States.

Pike can grow to a relatively large size: the average length is about 40–55 cm (16–22 in), with maximum recorded lengths of up to 150 cm (59 in) and published weights of 28.4 kg (63 lb).[2] The IGFA currently recognizes a 25 kg (55 lb) pike caught by Lothar Louis on Greffern Lake, Germany, on 16 October 1986, as the all-tackle world-record northern pike.[3] Northern pike grow to larger sizes in Eurasia than in North America, and typically grow to larger sizes in coastal, rather than inland, regions of Eurasia.[4]

  1. ^ NatureServe (2013) [errata version of 2018 assessment]. "Esox lucius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T135631A133427422. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T135631A133427422.en. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  2. ^ "Esox lucius Linnaeus, 1758 Northern pike". Fish Base. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  3. ^ "pike, northern (Esox lucius)". IGFA World Record. IGFA Online. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  4. ^ Rypel, A.L. 2012. Meta-analysis of growth rates for a circumpolar fish, the northern pike (Esox lucius), with emphasis on effects of continent, climate, and latitude. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 21: 521-532.

Powered by 654 easy search