Northern elephant seal

Northern elephant seal
Temporal range: Pleistocene-recent
Mating scene with elevated Alpha Male. Elephant Seals of Piedras Blancas.jpg
Male (bull), female (cow) and pup
CITES Appendix II (CITES)[2]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Clade: Pinnipedia
Family: Phocidae
Genus: Mirounga
M. angustirostris
Binomial name
Mirounga angustirostris
(Gill, 1866)
Mirounga angustirostris distribution map.svg
Distribution of the northern elephant seal (red: breeding colonies; yellow: non-breeding individuals)

The northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris) is one of two species of elephant seal (the other is the southern elephant seal). It is a member of the family Phocidae (true seals). Elephant seals derive their name from their great size and from the male's large proboscis, which is used in making extraordinarily loud roaring noises, especially during the mating competition. Sexual dimorphism in size is great. Correspondingly, the mating system is highly polygynous; a successful male is able to impregnate up to 50 females in one season.

  1. ^ Hückstädt, L. (2015). "Mirounga angustirostris". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T13581A45227116. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T13581A45227116.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  2. ^ "Appendices | CITES". Retrieved 14 January 2022.

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