Non-epileptic seizure

Non-epileptic seizure
Other namesNonepileptic event, nonepileptic episodic event
TypesPhysiological, psychological[1]

Non-epileptic seizures (NES), also known as non-epileptic events, are paroxysmal events that appear similar to an epileptic seizure but do not involve abnormal, rhythmic discharges of neurons in the brain.[2] Symptoms may include shaking, loss of consciousness, and loss of bladder control.[3]

They may or may not be caused by either physiological or psychological conditions.[3] Physiological causes include fainting, sleep disorders, and heart arrhythmias.[3][1] Psychological causes are known as psychogenic non-epileptic seizures.[1] Diagnosis may be based on the history of the event and physical examination with support from heart testing and an EEG.[1]

  1. ^ a b c d Hopp, JL (April 2019). "Nonepileptic Episodic Events". Continuum (Minneapolis, Minn.). 25 (2): 492–507. doi:10.1212/CON.0000000000000711. PMID 30921020.
  2. ^ Joseph H. Ricker; Reilly R. Martinez, eds. (October 2003). Differential Diagnosis in Adult Neuropsychological Assessment. Springer Publishing Company. p. 109. ISBN 0-8261-1665-5.
  3. ^ a b c "Non-Epileptic Seizures". Retrieved 20 December 2019.

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