A network of dendrites from neurons in a hippocampus
SystemNervous system
Significant diseasesNeuropathy, dementia, stroke, encephalopathy, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, meningitis, muscular dystrophy, migraine, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, Narcolepsy
Significant testsComputed axial tomography, MRI scan, lumbar puncture, electroencephalography
GlossaryGlossary of medicine

Neurology (from Greek: νεῦρον (neûron), "string, nerve" and the suffix -logia, "study of") is the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of conditions and disease involving the nervous system, which comprises the brain, the spinal cord and the peripheral nerves.[1] Neurological practice relies heavily on the field of neuroscience, the scientific study of the nervous system.

A neurologist is a physician specializing in neurology and trained to investigate, diagnose and treat neurological disorders.[2] Neurologists treat myriad neurologic conditions, including stroke, seizures, movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease, autoimmune neurologic disorders such as multiple sclerosis, headache disorders like migraine and dementias such as Alzheimer's disease.[3] Neurologists may also have roles in clinical research, clinical trials, and basic or translational research. Neurology is a nonsurgical specialty, its corresponding surgical specialty is neurosurgery.[2]

  1. ^ ACGME (1 July 2016). "ACGME Program Requirements for Graduate Medical Education in Neurology" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 January 2017. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Working with Your Doctor". American Academy of Neurology. Archived from the original on 2 August 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
  3. ^ "Neurological Disorders". Johns Hopkins Department of Neurology. 24 February 2020. Archived from the original on 15 September 2021. Retrieved 15 September 2021.

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