Neurological disorder

Neurological disorder
Neurons in person with epilepsy, 40x magnified
SpecialtyNeurology Edit this on Wikidata

A neurological disorder is any disorder of the nervous system. Structural, biochemical or electrical abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord or other nerves can result in a range of symptoms. Examples of symptoms include paralysis, muscle weakness, poor coordination, loss of sensation, seizures, confusion, pain, tauopathies, and altered levels of consciousness. There are many recognized neurological disorders, some relatively common, but many rare. They may be assessed by neurological examination, and studied and treated within the specialties of neurology and clinical neuropsychology.

Interventions for neurological disorders include preventive measures, lifestyle changes, physiotherapy or other therapy, neurorehabilitation, pain management, medication, operations performed by neurosurgeons or a specific diet.[1][2] The World Health Organization estimated in 2006 that neurological disorders and their sequelae (direct consequences) affect as many as one billion people worldwide, and identified health inequalities and social stigma/discrimination as major factors contributing to the associated disability and their impact.[3]

  1. ^ KT, Thakur; E, Albanese; P, Giannakopoulos; N, Jette; M, Linde; MJ, Prince; TM, Steiner; T, Dua (14 March 2016). "Neurological Disorders". Mental, Neurological, and Substance Use Disorders: Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition (Volume 4). Chapter 5 Neurological Disorders. Washington (DC): Patel V, Chisholm D, Dua T, et al. pp. 87–107. doi:10.1596/978-1-4648-0426-7_ch5. ISBN 978-1-4648-0426-7. PMID 27227247.
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference ZisHadjivassiliou2019 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ "WHO | Neurological Disorders: Public Health Challenges". March 14, 2007. Archived from the original on 14 March 2007.

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