Mount Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro
View of Kibo (5892 m) in 2006.
Highest point
Elevation5,895 m (19,341 ft) Edit this on Wikidata[1]
Prominence5,885 m (19,308 ft) Edit this on Wikidata
Ranked 4th
Isolation5,510 km (3,420 mi) Edit this on Wikidata
Coordinates03°04′33″S 37°21′12″E / 3.07583°S 37.35333°E / -3.07583; 37.35333
Mount Kilimanjaro is located in Tanzania
Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro
Kilimanjaro's location in Tanzania
Mount Kilimanjaro is located in Africa
Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro (Africa)
Mount Kilimanjaro is located in Earth
Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro (Earth)
LocationKilimanjaro Region, Tanzania
Parent rangeThe Eastern Rift mountains
Topo mapKilimanjaro map and guide by Wielochowski[2]
Age of rock4 million years
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Last eruptionBetween 150,000 and 200,000 years ago
First ascent6 October 1889 by Yohane Lauwo, a (Chagga) mountaineer and first two Europeans, Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller
Easiest routeHiking
Mount Kilimanjaro from space, illustrating its diverse vegetation zones.[3]

Mount Kilimanjaro (/ˌkɪlɪmənˈɑːr/)[4] is a dormant volcano located in Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania. It has three volcanic cones: Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira. It is the highest mountain in Africa and the highest single free-standing mountain above sea level in the world: 5,895 m (19,341 ft) above sea level and about 4,900 m (16,100 ft) above its plateau base. It is the highest volcano in Africa and the Eastern Hemisphere.

Kilimanjaro is the fourth most topographically prominent peak on Earth. It is part of Kilimanjaro National Park and is a major hiking and climbing destination. Because of its shrinking glaciers and ice fields, which are projected to disappear between 2025 and 2035, it has been the subject of many scientific studies.

Picture I took while flying a Cessna 402 departing out of Amboseli, when I flew for Mombasa Air Services, 1979
An aerial view of Kilimanjaro, taken while departing Amboseli Airport, showing a larger ice and snow cap in 1979.
  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference XPATS International was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ Kilimanjaro Map and tourist Guide (Map) (4th ed.). 1:75,000 with 1:20,000 and 1:30,000 insets. EWP Map Guides. Cartography by EWP. EWP. 2009. ISBN 0-906227-66-6. Archived from the original on 17 July 2015.
  3. ^ The Zones of Kilimanjaro Archived 10 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine, NASA Earth Observatory, 2016
  4. ^ "Kilimanjaro, Mount". Oxford Dictionaries UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 16 July 2015. "Kilimanjaro, Mount". Lexico. Archived from the original on 9 July 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2014.

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