Mickey Mouse

Mickey Mouse
A smiling cartoon mouse with round ears, red shorts with white buttons, white gloves, and yellow shoes.
First appearanceSteamboat Willie (1928)
Created byWalt Disney
Ub Iwerks
Designed byWalt Disney
Ub Iwerks (original, 1928 design)
Fred Moore (1938 redesign)
Voiced byWalt Disney (1928–1947, 1955–1962)
Carl W. Stalling (1929)
Jimmy MacDonald (1947–1978)
Wayne Allwine (1977–2009)[1]
Bret Iwan (2009–present)
Chris Diamantopoulos (2013–2023)
(see voice actors)
Developed byLes Clark
Fred Moore
Floyd Gottfredson
Romano Scarpa
In-universe information
FamilyMickey Mouse family
Significant otherMinnie Mouse
PetsPluto (dog)

Mickey Mouse is an American cartoon character co-created in 1928 by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks. The longtime icon and mascot of The Walt Disney Company, Mickey is an anthropomorphic mouse who typically wears red shorts, large yellow shoes, and white gloves. Inspired by such silent film personalities as Charlie Chaplin and Douglas Fairbanks, Mickey is traditionally characterized as a sympathetic underdog who gets by on pluck and ingenuity in the face of challenges bigger than himself.[2] The character’s depiction as a small mouse is personified through his diminutive stature and falsetto voice, the latter of which was originally provided by Disney. Mickey is one of the world's most recognizable and universally acclaimed fictional characters of all time.

Created as a replacement for a prior Disney character, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, Mickey first appeared in the short Plane Crazy, debuting publicly in the short film Steamboat Willie (1928), while it was third cartoon featuring Mickey to be produced, it was also one of the first sound cartoons. The character was originally to be named "Mortimer Mouse", until Lillian Disney instead suggested "Mickey" during a train ride. The character went on to appear in over 130 films, including The Band Concert (1935), Brave Little Tailor (1938), and Fantasia (1940). Mickey appeared primarily in short films, but also occasionally in feature-length films. Ten of Mickey's cartoons were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film, one of which, Lend a Paw, won the award in 1941. In 1978, Mickey became the first cartoon character to have a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

Beginning in 1930, Mickey has also been featured extensively in comic strips and comic books. The Mickey Mouse comic strip, drawn primarily by Floyd Gottfredson, ran for 45 years. Mickey has also appeared in comic books such as Mickey Mouse, Disney Italy's Topolino and MM – Mickey Mouse Mystery Magazine, and Wizards of Mickey. Mickey also features in television series such as The Mickey Mouse Club (1955–1996) and others. He appears in other media such as video games as well as merchandising and is a meetable character at the Disney parks.

Mickey generally appears alongside his girlfriend Minnie Mouse, his pet dog Pluto, his friends Donald Duck and Goofy, and his nemesis Pete, among others. Though originally characterized as a cheeky lovable rogue, Mickey was rebranded over time as a nice guy, usually seen as a spirited, yet impulsive hero.

  1. ^ "Voice of Mickey Mouse dies – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Abc.net.au. May 21, 2009. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
  2. ^ Jackson, Kathy (2003). Mickey and the Tramp: Walt Disney's Debt to Charlie Chaplin (26th ed.). The Journal of American Culture. pp. 439–444.

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