Johann Friedrich Blumenbach

Johann Friedrich Blumenbach
JF Blumenbach.jpg
Johann Friedrich Blumenbach[1]
Born(1752-05-11)11 May 1752
Died22 January 1840(1840-01-22) (aged 87)
Alma materUniversity of Jena
University of Göttingen
Known forcomparative anatomy; scientific racism
Scientific career
Doctoral advisorChristian Wilhelm Büttner[2]
Other academic advisorsErnst Gottfried Baldinger
Christian Gottlob Heyne
Doctoral studentsJohann Heinrich Friedrich Link
Friedrich Stromeyer
Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold
InfluencedAlexander von Humboldt
Author abbrev. (zoology)Blumenbach
Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, engraving by Ludwig Emil Grimm.

Johann Friedrich Blumenbach (11 May 1752 – 22 January 1840) was a German physician, naturalist, physiologist, and anthropologist. He is considered to be a main founder of zoology and anthropology as comparative, scientific disciplines.[3] He was also important as a race theorist.

He was one of the first to explore the study of the human being as an aspect of natural history. His teachings in comparative anatomy were applied to his classification of human races, of which he claimed there were five, Caucasian, Mongolian, Malayan, Ethiopian, and American.[4] He was a member of what modern historians call the Göttingen School of History.

Blumenbach's peers considered him one of the great theorists of his day, and he was a mentor or influence on many of the next generation of German biologists, including Alexander von Humboldt.[5]

  1. ^ Cunningham, D. J.: "Anniversary Address." In: The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. 38 (Jan. - Jun., 1908), Table III, opposite page 23.
  2. ^ Chemistry Tree profile Johann Friedrich Blumenbach
  3. ^ Ilse Jahn, Rolf Löther, Konrad Senglaub (Pub.): Geschichte der Biologie. Jena 1985, p. 637.
  4. ^ Gould, Stephen Jay (November 1994). "The Geometer of Race". Discover. pp. 65–69. ISSN 0274-7529.
  5. ^ Watson, Peter. The German Genius. New York: Harper, 2010. p. 81.

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