Johann Friedrich Blumenbach
|Died||22 January 1840 (aged 87)|
|Alma mater||University of Jena|
University of Göttingen
|Known for||comparative anatomy; scientific racism|
|Doctoral advisor||Christian Wilhelm Büttner|
|Other academic advisors||Ernst Gottfried Baldinger|
Christian Gottlob Heyne
|Doctoral students||Johann Heinrich Friedrich Link|
Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold
|Influenced||Alexander von Humboldt|
|Author abbrev. (zoology)||Blumenbach|
Johann Friedrich Blumenbach (11 May 1752 – 22 January 1840) was a German physician, naturalist, physiologist, and anthropologist. He is considered to be a main founder of zoology and anthropology as comparative, scientific disciplines. He was also important as a race theorist.
He was one of the first to explore the study of the human being as an aspect of natural history. His teachings in comparative anatomy were applied to his classification of human races, of which he claimed there were five, Caucasian, Mongolian, Malayan, Ethiopian, and American. He was a member of what modern historians call the Göttingen School of History.
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