Finless sleeper ray

Finless sleeper ray
Temera hardwickii dorsal pukhet.jpg
Temera hardwickii ventral pukhet.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Order: Torpediniformes
Family: Narkidae
Genus: Temera
J. E. Gray, 1831
T. hardwickii
Binomial name
Temera hardwickii
J. E. Gray, 1831
Temera hardwickii rangemap.png
Range of the finless sleeper ray[1]

The finless sleeper ray (Temera hardwickii) is a species of electric ray in the family Narkidae, and the sole member of its genus. It is found over the continental shelf of Southeast Asia from the eastern Andaman Sea to Vietnam and Borneo. Typically growing no more than 15 cm (5.9 in) long, it may be the smallest cartilaginous fish. The finless sleeper ray is the only electric ray that lacks dorsal fins. It has an oval pectoral fin disc that varies from longer than wide to wider than long, depending on age, and a short, robust tail that terminates in a short, deep caudal fin. The trailing margins of its pelvic fins are sexually dimorphic, being more concave in males.

Like other members of its family, the finless sleeper ray can generate a defensive electric shock from paired electric organs in its disc. It gives birth to live young, with the developing embryos nourished by yolk. A litter size of four has been recorded from one individual. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has assessed the finless sleeper ray as Vulnerable. This slow-reproducing species is caught by intensive bottom trawl and possibly other fisheries throughout its range, which likely cause high mortality regardless of whether it is discarded or utilised.

  1. ^ a b Dulvy, N.K.; Bin Ali, A.; Bineesh, K.K.; Derrick, D.; Maung, A.; Seyha, L. (2021). "Temera hardwickii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2021: e.T161745A124537356. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2021-2.RLTS.T161745A124537356.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.

Powered by 654 easy search