European robin

European robin
Erithacus rubecula with cocked head.jpg
in Lancashire, England
Gran Canaria robin call
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Muscicapidae
Genus: Erithacus
E. rubecula
Binomial name
Erithacus rubecula

7–10, see text.

Range of E rubecula
  Possible extinct & Introduced
  • Erithacus dandalus subsp. sardus Kleinschmidt, 1906
  • Erithacus rubecula subsp. armoricanus Lebeurier & Rapine, 1936
  • Erithacus rubecula subsp. sardus Kleinschmidt, 1906
  • Motacilla rubecula Linnaeus, 1758

The European robin (Erithacus rubecula), known simply as the robin or robin redbreast in Great Britain and Ireland, is a small insectivorous passerine bird that belongs to the chat subfamily of the Old World flycatcher family.[3] It is found across Europe, east to Western Siberia and south to North Africa; it is sedentary in most of its range except the far north.

It is about 12.5–14.0 cm (4.9–5.5 in) in length, the male and female are similar in colouration, with an orange breast and face lined with grey, brown upper-parts and a whitish belly.

European robin feeding.
  1. ^ BirdLife International (2018). "Erithacus rubecula". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T22709675A131953953. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22709675A131953953.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  2. ^ "Erithacus rubecula". Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference ioc was invoked but never defined (see the help page).

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