Eastern towhee

Eastern towhee
Temporal range:
Male in Massachusetts, US
Song recorded in Ontario, Canada
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Passerellidae
Genus: Pipilo
P. erythrophthalmus
Binomial name
Pipilo erythrophthalmus

Fringilla erythrophthalma Linnaeus, 1758

The eastern towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus) is a large New World sparrow. The taxonomy of the towhees has been under debate in recent decades, and formerly this bird and the spotted towhee were considered a single species, the rufous-sided towhee.

Their breeding habitat is brushy areas across eastern North America. They nest either low in bushes or on the ground under shrubs. Northern birds migrate to the southern United States. There has been one record of this species as a vagrant to western Europe: a single bird in Great Britain in 1966.[citation needed]

The song is a short drink your teeeeea lasting around one second, starting with a sharp call ("drink!") and ending with a short trill "teeeeea". The name "towhee" is onomatopoeic description of one of the towhee's most common calls, a short two-part call rising in pitch and sometimes also called a "chewink" call.[2]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Pipilo erythrophthalmus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22721310A94707703. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22721310A94707703.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference r42 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).

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