Original theatrical release poster
Directed bySupervising director Sequence directors
Story by
Based onDumbo, the Flying Elephant
by Helen Aberson
Harold Pearl
Produced byWalt Disney
Narrated byJohn McLeish
Music byFrank Churchill
Oliver Wallace
Distributed byRKO Radio Pictures
Release dates
  • October 23, 1941 (1941-10-23) (New York City)[1]
  • October 31, 1941 (1941-10-31) (U.S.)
Running time
64 minutes
CountryUnited States
Box office>$1.3 million (est. United States/Canada rentals, 1941)[3]

Dumbo is a 1941 American animated fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Productions and released by RKO Radio Pictures. The fourth Disney animated feature film, it is based upon the storyline written by Helen Aberson and Harold Pearl, and illustrated by Helen Durney for the prototype of a novelty toy ("Roll-a-Book").[4][5] The main character is Jumbo Jr., an elephant who is cruelly nicknamed "Dumbo", as in "dumb". He is ridiculed for his big ears, but in fact he is capable of flying by using his ears as wings. Throughout most of the film, his only true friend, aside from his mother, is the mouse, Timothy – a relationship parodying the stereotypical animosity between mice and elephants.

Made to recoup the financial losses of both Pinocchio and Fantasia, Dumbo was a deliberate pursuit of simplicity and economy for the Disney studios. At 64 minutes, it is one of Disney's shortest animated features. Sound was recorded conventionally using the RCA System. One voice was synthesized using the Sonovox system, but it, too, was recorded using the RCA System.

Dumbo was released on October 23, 1941, where it was met with critical acclaim directed towards its story, humor, visuals and music.[6] However, it has also been criticized for racist stereotyping of black people. Among the film’s lifetime accolades include an Academy Award for Best Scoring of a Musical Picture. In 2017, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically and aesthetically significant".[7]

In the years following its release, Dumbo has enjoyed enduring popularity. Its derivative works include a popular theme park attraction, merchandise, a television series, and a live-action adaptation.

  1. ^ "Dumbo (1941)". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Archived from the original on December 10, 2021. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  2. ^ "Dumbo". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on December 9, 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
  3. ^ Barrier 1999, p. 318.
  4. ^ Pace, Eric (April 10, 1999). "Helen A. Mayer, Dumbo's Creator, Dies at 91". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 9, 2014. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
  5. ^ Barrier, Michael (February 4, 2010). "The Mysterious Dumbo Roll-A-Book". MichaelBarrier.com. Archived from the original on April 7, 2019. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
  6. ^ Barrier 2008, p. 176.
  7. ^ "2017 National Film Registry Is More Than a 'Field of Dreams'" (Press release). Library of Congress. December 13, 2017. Archived from the original on December 13, 2017. Retrieved December 13, 2017.

Powered by 654 easy search