Common blackbird

Common blackbird
Чёрный дрозд (Turdus merula, per aspera), Битцевский лес.jpg
Male T. m. merula
Common Blackbird (Turdus merula mauritanicus) female.jpg
Female T. m. mauritanicus
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Turdidae
Genus: Turdus
T. merula
Binomial name
Turdus merula
Eurasian Blackbird.png
Global range of the nominate subspecies based on reports to eBird
  Summer range
  Year-round range
  Winter range

The common blackbird (Turdus merula) is a species of true thrush. It is also called the Eurasian blackbird (especially in North America, to distinguish it from the unrelated New World blackbirds),[2] or simply the blackbird where this does not lead to confusion with a similar-looking local species. It breeds in Europe, Asiatic Russia, and North Africa, and has been introduced to Australia and New Zealand.[3] It has a number of subspecies across its large range; a few of the Asian subspecies are sometimes considered to be full species. Depending on latitude, the common blackbird may be resident, partially migratory, or fully migratory.

The adult male of the common blackbird (Turdus merula merula, the nominate subspecies), which is found throughout most of Europe, is all black except for a yellow eye-ring and bill and has a rich, melodious song; the adult female and juvenile have mainly dark brown plumage. This species breeds in woods and gardens, building a neat, cup-shaped nest, bound together with mud. It is omnivorous, eating a wide range of insects, earthworms, berries, and fruits.

Both sexes are territorial on the breeding grounds, with distinctive threat displays, but are more gregarious during migration and in wintering areas. Pairs stay in their territory throughout the year where the climate is sufficiently temperate. This common and conspicuous species has given rise to a number of literary and cultural references, frequently related to its song.

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Turdus merula". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T103888106A87871094.en. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  2. ^ Alderfer, Jonathan, ed. (2006). Complete Birds of North America. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. p. 489. ISBN 0-7922-4175-4.
  3. ^ Long, John L. (1981). Introduced Birds of the World. Agricultural Protection Board of Western Australia. pp. 21–493. ISBN 9780876633182.

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