Temporal range:
Colugo (Galeopterus variegatus, adult female), Central Catchment Area, Singapore - 20060618.jpg
Sunda flying lemur
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Superorder: Euarchontoglires
Grandorder: Euarchonta
Mirorder: Primatomorpha
Order: Dermoptera
Illiger, 1811
Family: Cynocephalidae
Simpson, 1945
Type genus
Boddaert, 1768

Colugos (/kəˈlɡ/)[2][3] are arboreal gliding mammals that are native to Southeast Asia. Their closest evolutionary relatives are primates. There are just two living species of colugos: the Sunda flying lemur (Galeopterus variegatus) and the Philippine flying lemur (Cynocephalus volans). These two species make up the entire family Cynocephalidae (/ˌsnˌsɛfəˈldi, -ˌkɛ-/)[4] and order Dermoptera (not to be confused with Dermaptera, an order of insects known as earwigs).

Although they are called "flying lemurs", the colugos are not lemurs and do not fly. Instead, they glide as they leap among trees. They are the most capable gliders of all gliding mammals. A fur-covered membrane, called a patagium, connects to the face, paws, and tail. This enables them to glide in the air for distances of up to 200 metres (660 ft) between trees.[5] They are also known as cobegos.

  1. ^ Stafford, B.J. (2005). "Order Dermoptera". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 110. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ "Colugo". Lexico UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on February 14, 2021.
  3. ^ "Colugo". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 2016-01-21.
  4. ^ Cf. words with analogous pronunciations such as Meningoencephalitis, see "Meningoencephalitis". Lexico UK English Dictionary UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on March 22, 2020.
  5. ^ Stanton, Kristen M. (November 10, 2020). "Colugo Facts (Flying Lemur Mysteries Revealed)". UniGuide.

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