|Neoceratodus forsteri, a neoceratodontid|
|Lepidosiren paradoxa, a lepidosirenid|
Several extinct, see text
Ceratodontiformes is the only extant order of lungfish, containing the families Neoceratodontidae, Lepidosirenidae, and Protopteridae as well as many other extinct groups. Members of this group are the only lungfish known to have survived the Permian-Triassic extinction event.
All lungfish of the order can and often do estivate (except the spotted African lungfish, which can but rarely does so). All members of the order are obligatory air-breathers; only the Australian lungfish has functioning gills when adult; members of the Lepidosirenidae have gills only when they are larvae. The lungfish also all have generally small scales and two lungs as opposed to the Australian lungfish's single lung.
Powered by 654 easy search