Black rat

Black rat
Temporal range: Holocene
Roofrat Hagenbeck 02.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Muridae
Genus: Rattus
R. rattus
Binomial name
Rattus rattus

Mus rattus Linnaeus, 1758

The black rat (Rattus rattus), also known as the roof rat, ship rat, or house rat, is a common long-tailed rodent of the stereotypical rat genus Rattus, in the subfamily Murinae.[1] It likely originated in the Indian subcontinent, but is now found worldwide.[2]

The black rat is black to light brown in colour with a lighter underside. It is a generalist omnivore and a serious pest to farmers because it feeds on a wide range of agricultural crops. It is sometimes kept as a pet. In parts of India, it is considered sacred and respected in the Karni Mata Temple in Deshnoke.

  1. ^ a b Kryštufek, B.; Palomo, L.; Hutterer, R.; Mitsainas, G.; Yigit, N. (2021). "Rattus rattus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2021: e.T19360A192565917. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2021-1.RLTS.T19360A192565917.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  2. ^ Baig, M.; Khan, S.; Eager, H.; Atkulwar, A. & Searle, J. B. (2019). "Phylogeography of the black rat Rattus rattus in India and the implications for its dispersal history in Eurasia". Biological Invasions. 21 (2): 417–433. doi:10.1007/s10530-018-1830-0. S2CID 67790305.

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