Axial skeleton

Axial skeleton
Axial skeleton diagram.svg
Diagram of the axial skeleton
LatinSkeleton axiale
Anatomical terminology
3D Medical Animation still shot of Human Skull
3D Medical Animation still shot of Human Skull

The axial skeleton is the part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head and trunk of a vertebrate. In the human skeleton, it consists of 80 bones and is composed of six parts; the skull (22 bones), also the ossicles of the middle ear, the hyoid bone, the rib cage, sternum and the vertebral column. The axial skeleton together with the appendicular skeleton form the complete skeleton. Another definition of axial skeleton is the bones including the vertebrae, sacrum, coccyx, skull, ribs, and sternum.[1]

  1. ^ Folkens, Tim D. White, Michael T. Black, Pieter A.; Pierter, Folkens; Michael, Black (2012). Human osteology (3rd ed.). Amsterdam: Elsevier/Academic Press. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-12-374134-9.

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