|Related ethnic groups|
|Sotho-Tswana peoples, Tsonga peoples, Venda people|
Nguni people are a group of closely related Bantu-speaking ethnic groups that reside in South Africa, with off-shoots in neighbouring countries in Southern Africa. Swazi people live in both South Africa and Eswatini, while Ndebele people live in both South Africa and Zimbabwe.
In South Africa, the historic Nguni kingdoms of the Ndebele, Swazi, Xhosa and Zulu are in the present-day provinces of Southern & Eastern Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga. The most notable of these kingdoms are the Zulu Kingdom, which was ruled by Shaka, a powerful warrior king whose conquest took place in the early nineteenth century, and the Xhosa Kingdom, that was notorious not only for its pre-colonial tribal wars but for the wars it fought against Britain and European colonialists which lasted for 100 years. In Zimbabwe the Ndebele people live primarily in the provinces of Matabeleland .