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Nguni people

Nguni people
Total population
31,618,000[1]
Languages
Nguni languages
Related ethnic groups
Sotho-Tswana peoples, Tsonga peoples, Venda people

Nguni people are a group of closely related Bantu-speaking ethnic groups that reside in South Africa, with off-shoots in neighbouring countries in Southern Africa. Swazi people live in both South Africa and Eswatini, while Ndebele people live in both South Africa and Zimbabwe.

A group of the Nguni living in present day Malawi and Zambia originated from South Africa and are known as the Ngoni.

Both the Ndebele of Zimbabwe and the Ngoni migrated northwards out of South Africa in the early 19th century, during a politically tumultuous era, that included the so-called Mfecane and Great Trek.

In South Africa, the historic Nguni kingdoms of the Ndebele, Swazi, Xhosa and Zulu are in the present-day provinces of Southern & Eastern Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga. The most notable of these kingdoms are the Zulu Kingdom, which was ruled by Shaka, a powerful warrior king whose conquest took place in the early nineteenth century, and the Xhosa Kingdom, that was notorious not only for its pre-colonial tribal wars but for the wars it fought against Britain and European colonialists which lasted for 100 years. In Zimbabwe the Ndebele people live primarily in the provinces of Matabeleland .[2]

  1. ^ "People Cluster - Bantu, Nguni | Joshua Project". joshuaproject.net. Retrieved November 12, 2021.
  2. ^ "isiNdebele for beginners. Northern Ndebele language in Africa". www.northernndebele.blogspot.com. Retrieved November 12, 2021.

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