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Digital privacy

Digital privacy is often used in contexts that promote advocacy on behalf of individual and consumer privacy rights in e-services and is typically used in opposition to the business practices of many e-marketers, businesses, and companies to collect and use such information and data.[1][2] Digital privacy can be defined under three sub-related categories: information privacy, communication privacy, and individual privacy.[3]

Digital privacy has increasingly become a topic of interest as information and data shared over the social web have continued to become more and more commodified; social-media users are now considered unpaid 'digital labors', as one pays for 'free' e-services through the loss of their privacy.[4] For example, between 2005 and 2011, the change in levels of disclosure for different profile items on Facebook show that, over the years, people want to keep more information private.[5] However, observing the seven-year span, Facebook gained a profit of $100 billion through the collection and sharing of their users' data to third-party advertisers.[4]

The more a user shares over social networks, the more privacy is lost. All of the information and data one shares is connected to clusters of similar information. As the user continues to share their productive expression, it gets matched with the respective cluster and their speech and expression are no longer only in the possession of them or of their social circle. This can be seen as a consequence of bridging social capital. As people create new and diverse ties on social networks, data becomes linked. This decrease of privacy continues until bundling appears (when the ties become strong and the network more homogenous).[6]

Some laws allow filing a case against breach of digital privacy. In 2007, for instance, a class-action lawsuit was lodged on behalf of all Facebook users that led Facebook to close its advertising system "Beacon." In a similar case in 2010, the users sued Facebook once again for sharing personal user information to advertisers through their gaming application.[7] Laws are based on consumers' consent and assume that the consumers are already empowered to know their own best interest. Therefore, for the past few years, people have been focusing on self-management of digital privacy through rational and educated decision-making.[8]

  1. ^ TEDx Talks (2016-01-21), Privacy in the Digital Age | Nicholas Martino | TEDxFSCJ, retrieved 2018-11-28
  2. ^ Rice, James C.; Sussan, Fiona (2016-10-01). "Digital privacy: A conceptual framework for business". Journal of Payments Strategy & Systems. 10 (3): 260–266.
  3. ^ Hung, Humphry; Wong, Y.H. (2009-05-22). "Information transparency and digital privacy protection: are they mutually exclusive in the provision of e‐services?". Journal of Services Marketing. 23 (3): 154–164. doi:10.1108/08876040910955161. hdl:10397/20138. ISSN 0887-6045.
  4. ^ a b Scholz, Trebor (2012-10-12). Digital Labor: The Internet as Playground and Factory. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-136-50669-7.
  5. ^ Stutzman, Fred; Gross, Ralph; Acquisti, Alessandro (2013-03-01). "Silent Listeners: The Evolution of Privacy and Disclosure on Facebook". Journal of Privacy and Confidentiality. 4 (2). doi:10.29012/jpc.v4i2.620. ISSN 2575-8527.
  6. ^ Tubaro, Paola; Casilli, Antonio A; Sarabi, Yasaman (2014). "Against the Hypothesis of the End of Privacy". SpringerBriefs in Digital Spaces. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-02456-1. ISBN 978-3-319-02455-4. ISSN 2193-5890.
  7. ^ D. Grubbs, Amelia (May 2011). "Privacy Law and the Internet using Facebook.com as a Case Study".
  8. ^ Boerman, Sophie C.; Kruikemeier, Sanne; Zuiderveen Borgesius, Frederik J. (2018-10-05). "Exploring Motivations for Online Privacy Protection Behavior: Insights From Panel Data". Communication Research. 48 (7): 953–977. doi:10.1177/0093650218800915. ISSN 0093-6502.

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