Digital rights management

Digital rights management (DRM) tools or technological protection measures (TPM)[1] are a set of access control technologies for restricting the use of proprietary hardware and copyrighted works.[2] DRM technologies try to control the use, modification, and distribution of copyrighted works (such as software and multimedia content), as well as systems within devices that enforce these policies.[3]

The use of digital rights management is not universally accepted. Proponents of DRM argue that it is necessary to prevent intellectual property from being copied freely, just as physical locks are needed to prevent personal property from being stolen,[1] that it can help the copyright holder maintain artistic control,[4] and that it can ensure continued revenue streams.[5] Those opposed to DRM contend there is no evidence that DRM helps prevent copyright infringement, arguing instead that it serves only to inconvenience legitimate customers, and that DRM helps big business stifle innovation and competition.[6] Furthermore, works can become permanently inaccessible if the DRM scheme changes or if the service is discontinued.[7] DRM can also restrict users from exercising their legal rights under the copyright law, such as backing up copies of CDs or DVDs (instead having to buy another copy, if it can still be purchased), lending materials out through a library, accessing works in the public domain, or using copyrighted materials for research and education under the fair use doctrine.[1]

Worldwide, many laws have been created which criminalize the circumvention of DRM, communication about such circumvention, and the creation and distribution of tools used for such circumvention. Such laws are part of the United States' Digital Millennium Copyright Act,[8] and the European Union's Information Society Directive,[9] (the French DADVSI is an example of a member state of the European Union ("EU") implementing the directive).[10]

  1. ^ a b c "The pros, cons, and future of DRM". Cbc.ca. 7 August 2009. Retrieved 7 January 2012. Digital locks – also known as digital rights management (DRM) technologies or technological protection measures (TPM)
  2. ^ Computer Forensics: Investigating Network Intrusions and Cybercrime. Cengage Learning. 16 September 2009. pp. 9–26. ISBN 978-1435483521.
  3. ^ "Fact Sheet: Digital Rights Management and have to do: Technical Protection Measures". Priv.gc.ca. 24 November 2006. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
  4. ^ "Images and the Internet".
  5. ^ Christopher Levy (3 February 2003). "Making Money with Streaming Media". streamingmedia.com. Archived from the original on 14 May 2006. Retrieved 28 August 2006.
  6. ^ "DRM". Electronic Frontier Foundation. Retrieved 7 January 2012.
  7. ^ "The DRM graveyard: A brief history of digital rights management in music". opensource.com. 3 November 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2012.
  8. ^ "Public Law 105 – 304 – Digital Millennium Copyright Act". U. S. Government Publishing Office. U. S. Government Publishing Office. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  9. ^ "Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2001 on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society". Official Journal of the European Union. 22 June 2001. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  10. ^ "LOI n° 2006-961 du 1er août 2006 relative au droit d'auteur et aux droits voisins dans la société de l'information". Journal officiel de la République française (in French). 3 August 2006. Retrieved 26 July 2015.

Powered by 654 easy search