Garlic


Garlic
Allium sativum Woodwill 1793.jpg
Allium sativum, known as garlic, from William Woodville, Medical Botany, 1793.
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Species:
A. sativum
Binomial name
Allium sativum
Synonyms
Synonymy
  • Allium arenarium Sadler ex Rchb. 1830 not L. 1753
  • Allium controversum Schrad. ex Wild.
  • Allium longicuspis Regel
  • Allium ophioscorodon Link
  • Allium pekinense Prokh.
  • Porrum ophioscorodon (Link) Rchb.
  • Porrum sativum (L.) Rchb. 1830 not (L.) Mill. 1768

Garlic (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion genus, Allium. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive,[2] Welsh onion and Chinese onion.[3] It is native to Central Asia and northeastern Iran and has long been a common seasoning worldwide, with a history of several thousand years of human consumption and use.[4][5] It was known to ancient Egyptians and has been used as both a food flavoring and a traditional medicine.[6][7] China produces some 80% of the world's supply of garlic.[8][9]

  1. ^ "Allium sativum L". Kewscience; Plants of the World Online; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  2. ^ Block, Eric (2010). Garlic and Other Alliums: The Lore and the Science. Royal Society of Chemistry. ISBN 978-0-85404-190-9.
  3. ^ "Substance Info: Garlic". All Allergy. Zing Solutions. Archived from the original on June 15, 2010. Retrieved April 14, 2010.
  4. ^ "Allium sativum L." Plants of the World Online | Kew Science. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  5. ^ Block, Eric (2010). Garlic and Other Alliums: The Lore and the Science. Royal Society of Chemistry. pp. 5–6. ISBN 9780854041909.
  6. ^ "Garlic". Drugs.com. August 20, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  7. ^ Cite error: The named reference nih was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ Cite error: The named reference fao was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  9. ^ "2018 Will be the Most Difficult Year for Garlic Export: Chinese Garlic at Risk". Tridge.com. July 10, 2018. Retrieved December 19, 2019.

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