Closeup photograph of flowerhead
Botanical illustration
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
A. schoenoprasum
Binomial name
Allium schoenoprasum
  • Cepa schoenoprasa (L.) Moench
  • Ascalonicum schoenoprasum (L.) P.Renault
  • Allium gredense Rivas Goday
  • Porrum schoenoprasum (L.) Schur
  • Schoenoprasum vulgare Fourr.
  • Allium sibiricum L.
  • Allium palustre Chaix
  • Allium tenuifolium Salisb.
  • Allium foliosum Clairv. ex DC.
  • Allium acutum Spreng.
  • Allium tenuifolium Pohl
  • Cepa tenuifolia (Salisb.) Gray
  • Allium reflexum F.Dietr.
  • Allium riparium Opiz
  • Allium carneum Schult. & Schult.f.
  • Allium alpinum (DC.) Hegetschw.
  • Allium broteri Kunth
  • Allium punctulatum Schltdl.
  • Porrum sibiricum (L.) Schur
  • Allium buhseanum Regel
  • Allium raddeanum Regel
  • Allium purpurascens Losa
  • Allium idzuense H.Hara
  • Allium udinicum Antsupova
  • Allium ubinicum Kotukhov
Chives, raw
Cut chive leaves as used for preparing food
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy126 kJ (30 kcal)
4.35 g
Sugars1.85 g
Dietary fiber2.5 g
0.73 g
3.27 g
VitaminsQuantity %DV
Vitamin A equiv.
218 μg
2612 μg
323 μg
Thiamine (B1)
0.078 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
0.115 mg
Niacin (B3)
0.647 mg
Pantothenic acid (B5)
0.324 mg
Vitamin B6
0.138 mg
Folate (B9)
105 μg
Vitamin C
58.1 mg
Vitamin E
0.21 mg
Vitamin K
212.7 μg
MineralsQuantity %DV
92 mg
1.6 mg
42 mg
0.373 mg
58 mg
296 mg
0.56 mg

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA FoodData Central
Chive flower
Flower with bud
Chive flower
Fully open flower
Chive seeds
Chive seedlings sprouting

Chives, scientific name Allium schoenoprasum, is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaryllidaceae that produces edible leaves and flowers.[3] Their close relatives include the common onions, garlic, shallot, leek, scallion,[4] and Chinese onion.[5]

A perennial plant, it is widespread in nature across much of Europe, Asia, and North America.[6][7][8][9][10][11]

A. schoenoprasum is the only species of Allium native to both the New and the Old Worlds.[12][13]

Chives are a commonly used herb and can be found in grocery stores or grown in home gardens. In culinary use, the green stalks (scapes) and the unopened, immature flower buds are diced and used as an ingredient for omelettes, fish, potatoes, soups, and many other dishes. The edible flowers can be used in salads.[14] Chives have insect-repelling properties that can be used in gardens to control pests.[15]

The plant provides a great deal of nectar for pollinators. It was rated in the top 10 for most nectar production (nectar per unit cover per year) in a UK plants survey conducted by the AgriLand project which is supported by the UK Insect Pollinators Initiative.[16]

  1. ^ Maxted, N. & Rhodes, L. (2016). Allium schoenoprasum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T172256A19391728. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T172256A19391728.en Downloaded on 05 January 2019.
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference plantlist was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ LaFray, Joyce (1987). Tropic Cooking: The New Cuisine from Florida and the Islands of the Caribbean. Oakland: Ten Speed Press. p. 292. ISBN 0-89815-234-8.
  4. ^ Block, E. (2010). Garlic and Other Alliums: The Lore and the Science. Royal Society of Chemistry. ISBN 978-0-85404-190-9.
  5. ^ "AllergyNet — Allergy Advisor Find". Archived from the original on June 15, 2010. Retrieved April 14, 2010.
  6. ^ "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew".
  7. ^ "Allium schoenoprasum in Flora of China @". Retrieved 2017-06-18.
  8. ^ Tardiff, B.; Morisset, P. (1990). "Clinal morphological variation of Allium schoenoprasum in eastern North America". Taxon. 39 (3): 417–429. doi:10.2307/1223088. JSTOR 1223088.
  9. ^ "Allium schoenoprasum in Flora of North America @". Retrieved 2017-06-18.
  10. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Erba cipollina, wild chives, Civette, Schnittlauch, Allium schoenoprasum L. includes photos, drawings, European distribution map, etc.
  11. ^ "Allium schoenoprasum - Plant Finder".
  12. ^ Ernest Small North American Cornucopia: Top 100 Indigenous Food Plants (2014), p. 230, at Google Books
  13. ^ James Cullen, Sabina G. Knees, H. Suzanne Cubey (Editors) The European Garden Flora Flowering Plants: A Manual for the Identification, p. 133, at Google Books
  14. ^ Cite error: The named reference Linford was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  15. ^ Kaufman, Peter B; Thomas J Carlson; Kaufman B Kaufman; Harry L Brielmann; Sara Warber; Leland J Cseke; James A Duke (1999). Natural Products from Plants. Boca Raton: CRC Press. pp. 261. 084933134X.
  16. ^ "Which flowers are the best source of nectar?". Conservation Grade. 2014-10-15. Retrieved 2017-10-18.

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