|Developer(s)||MariaDB Corporation AB, MariaDB Foundation|
|Initial release||29 October 2009|
|Preview release||10.5.3  (May 12, 2020 )|
|Written in||C, C++, Perl, Bash|
|Operating system||Linux, Windows, macOS|
|License||GPLv2, LGPLv2.1 (client libraries)|
MariaDB is a community-developed, commercially supported fork of the MySQL relational database management system (RDBMS), intended to remain free and open-source software under the GNU General Public License. Development is led by some of the original developers of MySQL, who forked it due to concerns over its acquisition by Oracle Corporation in 2009.
MariaDB intended to maintain high compatibility with MySQL, ensuring a drop-in replacement capability with library binary parity and exact matching with MySQL APIs and commands. However, new features diverge more. It includes new storage engines like Aria, ColumnStore, and MyRocks.
Its lead developer/CTO is Michael "Monty" Widenius, one of the founders of MySQL AB and the founder of Monty Program AB. On 16 January 2008, MySQL AB announced that it had agreed to be acquired by Sun Microsystems for approximately $1 billion. The acquisition completed on 26 February 2008. Sun was then bought the following year by Oracle Corporation. MariaDB is named after Monty's younger daughter, Maria. (MySQL is named after his other daughter, My.)
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