West Java

West Java

Jawa Barat
Flag of West Java
Coat of arms of West Java
Coat of arms
Location of West Java in Indonesia
Location of West Java in Indonesia
Coordinates: 6°45′S 107°30′E / 6.750°S 107.500°E / -6.750; 107.500Coordinates: 6°45′S 107°30′E / 6.750°S 107.500°E / -6.750; 107.500
Established19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)
Re-established14 July 1950 (1950-07-14)
Largest cityBekasi
 • BodyWest Java Provincial Government
 • GovernorRidwan Kamil
 • Vice GovernorUu Ruzhanul Ulum
 • Total35,377.76 km2 (13,659.43 sq mi)
Area rank21st in Indonesia
Highest elevation3,078 m (10,098 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
 • Total48,683,861[1]
 • Estimate 
 • Rank1st in Indonesia
 • Density rank2nd in Indonesia
 • Ethnic groupsSundanese (79%), Javanese (10%), Cirebonese (7%), Betawi (4%)
 • ReligionIslam (97%), Christianity (1.81%), Buddhist (0.58%), Confucianism (0.22%), Hinduism (0.05%), Sunda Wiwitan
 • LanguagesIndonesian (official)
Sundanese (native)
Cirebonese (minority)
Betawi (minority)
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
ISO 3166 codeID-JB
HDIIncrease 0.720 (High)
HDI rank10th in Indonesia (2019)
GRP NominalIncrease$150.30 billion[3]
GDP PPP (2019)Increase$493.97 billion[3]
GDP rank3rd in Indonesia (2019)
Nominal per capitaUS$ 3,048 (2019)[3]
PPP per capitaUS$ 10,017 (2019)[3]
Per capita rank21st in Indonesia (2019)

West Java (Indonesian: Jawa Barat; Sundanese: ᮏᮝ ᮊᮥᮜᮧᮔ᮪) is a province of Indonesia on the western part of the island of Java, with its provincial capital in Bandung. West Java is bordered by the province of Banten and the country's capital region of Jakarta to the west, the Java Sea to the north, the province of Central Java to the east and the Indian Ocean to the south. The province is the homeland of the Sundanese people, the second-largest ethnic group in Indonesia after the Javanese.

West Java was one of the early eight provinces of Indonesia formed following the country's independence proclamation and was later legally re-established on 14 July 1950. In 1966, the city of Jakarta was split off from West Java as a 'special capital region' (Daerah Khusus Ibukota), with a status equivalent to that of a province,[4] while in 2000 the western parts of the province were in turn split away to form a separate Banten province.

Even following these split-offs, West Java is the most populous province of Indonesia with a population of 49,316,712 as of mid 2019.[5] The province's largest cities, Bekasi and Bandung, are the third and fourth most populous cities proper in Indonesia, respectively. As a satellite city within the Jakarta metropolitan area, Bekasi experiences a highly rapid population growth, having surpassed the West Java capital of Bandung in 2012. Nonetheless, Bandung remains one of the most densely populated city proper in the world, while Bekasi and Depok, both satellites of Jakarta, are respectively the seventh and tenth most populous suburbs in the world.[6]

  1. ^ a b "BPS-Laci 3.0". laci.bps.go.id. Retrieved 5 February 2019.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d "Indonesia". Badan Pusat Statistik. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  4. ^ "Jakarta". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 17 September 2007.
  5. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2019.
  6. ^ "Estimasi Penduduk Menurut Umur Tunggal Dan Jenis Kelamin 2014 Kementerian Kesehatan" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2014. Retrieved 20 February 2014.

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