Ubuntu

Ubuntu
Logo-ubuntu no(r)-black orange-hex.svg
Desktop Ubuntu 20.04.png
Ubuntu 20.04 "Focal Fossa"
DeveloperCanonical Ltd.
OS familyLinux
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen-source[1][2]
Initial release20 October 2004 (2004-10-20)
Latest releaseUbuntu 20.04 / 23 April 2020 (2020-04-23)[3]
Latest previewUbuntu 20.10 (Groovy Gorilla) development branch (daily build)[4] / 28 April 2020 (2020-04-28) and daily builds
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Marketing targetCloud computing, IoT, personal computers, servers
Available inMore than 55 languages by LoCos
Update methodSoftware Updater
Package managerGNOME Software, APT, dpkg, Snappy, flatpak
Platforms
Kernel typeLinux kernel
UserlandGNU
Default user interfaceGNOME
LicenseFree software + some proprietary device drivers[6]
Official websiteubuntu.com

Ubuntu (/ʊˈbʊnt/ (About this soundlisten) uu-BUUN-too)[7] is a Linux distribution based on Debian mostly composed of free and open-source software.[8][9][10] Ubuntu is officially released in three editions: Desktop,[11] Server,[12] and Core[13] for Internet of things devices[14] and robots.[15][16] All the editions can run on the computer alone, or in a virtual machine.[17] Ubuntu is a popular operating system for cloud computing, with support for OpenStack.[18]

Ubuntu is released every six months, with long-term support (LTS) releases every two years.[7][19][20] As of 23 April 2020, the latest release and also the most recent long-term support release is 20.04 ("Focal Fossa"), which is supported until 2025 under public support and until 2030 as a paid option.

Ubuntu is developed by Canonical,[21] and a community of other developers, under a meritocratic governance model.[7][22] Canonical provides security updates and support for each Ubuntu release, starting from the release date and until the release reaches its designated end-of-life (EOL) date.[7][23][24] Canonical generates revenue through the sale of premium services related to Ubuntu.[25][26]

Ubuntu is named after the Nguni philosophy of ubuntu, which Canonical indicates means "humanity to others" with a connotation of "I am what I am because of who we all are".[7]

  1. ^ "kernel.ubuntu.com". kernel.ubuntu.com.
  2. ^ "Index of /ubuntu". archive.ubuntu.com.
  3. ^ "Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa) released". 23 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Ubuntu 20.10 (Groovy Gorilla) Development branch (Daily Build)". cdimage.ubuntu.com. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  5. ^ "Preparing to Install". Ubuntu Official Documentation. Canonical Ltd. 2018. Retrieved 16 November 2018. Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Server Edition supports four (4) major architectures: AMD64, ARM, POWER8, LinuxONE and z Systems
  6. ^ "Explaining Why We Don't Endorse Other Systems". Free Software Foundation. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  7. ^ a b c d e Canonical. "About the Ubuntu project". ubuntu.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  8. ^ Canonical. "Licensing". ubuntu.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  9. ^ Canonical. "Our mission". ubuntu.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  10. ^ Canonical. "Debian". ubuntu.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  11. ^ Canonical. "Ubuntu PC operating system". ubuntu.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  12. ^ Canonical. "Ubuntu Server - for scale out workloads". ubuntu.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  13. ^ Canonical. "Ubuntu Core". ubuntu.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  14. ^ Canonical. "Ubuntu for the Internet of Things". ubuntu.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  15. ^ "Your first robot: A beginner's guide to ROS and Ubuntu Core [1/5]". blog.ubuntu.com.
  16. ^ Trenholm, Richard. "Open source Ubuntu Core connects robots, drones and smart homes". CNET.
  17. ^ Cite error: The named reference WSL2 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  18. ^ Canonical. "OpenStack on Ubuntu is your scalable private cloud, by Canonical". ubuntu.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  19. ^ "Releases - Ubuntu Wiki". wiki.ubuntu.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  20. ^ "LTS - Ubuntu Wiki". wiki.ubuntu.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  21. ^ Canonical. "Canonical and Ubuntu". ubuntu.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  22. ^ Canonical. "Governance". ubuntu.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  23. ^ "Releases - Ubuntu Wiki". wiki.ubuntu.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  24. ^ Canonical. "Release end of life". ubuntu.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  25. ^ Canonical. "Support and management". ubuntu.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  26. ^ Canonical. "Plans and pricing". ubuntu.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.

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