Red Hat Enterprise Linux

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
RHEL 8 Desktop.png
GNOME Shell, the default desktop on RHEL 8
DeveloperRed Hat, Inc.
OS familyUnix-like
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source
Initial releaseFebruary 22, 2000 (2000-02-22)[1]
Latest release
8:8.2 / April 28, 2020 (2020-04-28)
7:7.8 / March 31, 2020 (2020-03-31)
6:6.10 / June 19, 2018 (2018-06-19)
5:5.11 / September 16, 2014 (2014-09-16)
Marketing targetCommercial market (servers, mainframes, supercomputers, workstations)
Available inMultilingual
Update methodLong-term support (LTS)
Package manager
Platformsx86-64; ARM64; IBM Z; IBM Power Systems[3]
Kernel typeLinux
Default user interfaceGNOME Shell
LicenseVarious free software licenses, plus proprietary binary blobs[4]
Preceded byRed Hat Linux

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (often abbreviated to RHEL) is a Linux distribution developed by Red Hat for the commercial market. Red Hat Enterprise Linux is released in server versions for x86-64, Power ISA, ARM64, and IBM Z and a desktop version for x86-64. All of Red Hat's official support and training, together with the Red Hat Certification Program, focuses on the Red Hat Enterprise Linux platform.

The first version of Red Hat Enterprise Linux to bear the name originally came onto the market as "Red Hat Linux Advanced Server". In 2003, Red Hat rebranded Red Hat Linux Advanced Server to "Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS" and added two more variants, Red Hat Enterprise Linux ES and Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS.

Red Hat uses strict trademark rules to restrict free re-distribution of their officially supported versions of Red Hat Enterprise Linux[5] but still freely provides its source code. Third-party derivatives can be built and redistributed by stripping away non-free components like Red Hat's trademarks. Examples include community-supported distributions like CentOS and Scientific Linux and commercial forks like Oracle Linux. Fedora serves as its upstream source.

  1. ^ "Red Hat Enterprise Edition Product Line Optimizes Solutions for Top e-Business Applications" (Press release). Red Hat. February 22, 2000. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  2. ^ Scott Matteson (2019-03-30). "What's new with Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 and Red Hat Virtualization". TechRepublic. Retrieved 2019-09-24.
  3. ^ "8.0 Release Notes - Chapter 2. Architectures". Red Hat Customer Portal. Red Hat. Retrieved 2019-08-19.
  4. ^ "Explaining Why We Don't Endorse Other Systems". the Free Software Foundation. Retrieved March 13, 2011.
  5. ^ "ESR: "We Don't Need the GPL Anymore"". Retrieved 2008-03-04.

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