CSS Virginia

CSSVirginia1862.2.ws.jpg
CSS Virginia. The image is captioned Merrimac; see below.
History
Confederate States of AmericaConfederate States
Ordered: July 11, 1861
Completed: March 7, 1862
Commissioned: February 17, 1862
Fate: scuttled May 11, 1862
General characteristics
Type: Casemate ironclad
Displacement: about 4,000 long tons (4,100 t)
Length: 275 ft (83.8 m)
Beam: 51 ft 2 in (15.6 m)
Draft: 21 ft (6.4 m)
Installed power: 1,200 ihp (890 kW)
Propulsion:
Speed: 5–6 knots (9.3–11.1 km/h; 5.8–6.9 mph)
Complement: about 320 officers and men
Armament:
Armor:

CSS Virginia was the first steam-powered ironclad warship built by the Confederate States Navy during the first year of the American Civil War; she was constructed as a casemate ironclad using the raised and cut down original lower hull and engines of the scuttled steam frigate USS Merrimack. Virginia was one of the participants in the Battle of Hampton Roads, opposing the Union's USS Monitor in March 1862. The battle is chiefly significant in naval history as the first battle between ironclads.


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