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The Spring

Francis Picabia, 1912, La Source, The Spring, oil on canvas, 249.6 x 249.3 cm, Museum of Modern Art, New York. Exhibited, 1912 Salon d'Automne, Paris.jpg
ArtistFrancis Picabia
Year1912
MediumOil on canvas
Dimensions249.6 cm × 249.3 cm (98.26 in × 98.14 in)
LocationMuseum of Modern Art, New York City

The Spring (or La Source) is a large oil painting created in 1912 by the French artist Francis Picabia. The work, both Cubist and abstract, was exhibited in Paris at the Salon d'Automne of 1912. The Cubist contribution to the 1912 Salon d'Automne created a controversy in the Municipal Council of Paris, leading to a debate in the Chambre des Députés about the use of public funds to provide the venue for such 'barbaric' art. The Cubists were defended by the Socialist deputy, Marcel Sembat.[1][2][3] This painting was realized as Albert Gleizes and Jean Metzinger, in preparation for the Salon de la Section d'Or, published a major defence of Cubism, resulting in the first theoretical essay on the new movement, Du «Cubisme».[4] The painting forms part of the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art, New York City.[5]

  1. ^ Patrick F. Barrer: Quand l'art du XXe siècle était conçu par les inconnus, pp. 93-101, gives an account of the debate
  2. ^ Peter Brooke, Albert Gleizes, Chronology of his life, 1881-1953
  3. ^ Béatrice Joyeux-Prunel, Histoire & Mesure, no. XXII -1 (2007), Guerre et statistiques, L'art de la mesure, Le Salon d'Automne (1903-1914), l'avant-garde, ses étranger et la nation française (The Art of Measure: The Salon d'Automne Exhibition (1903-1914), the Avant-Garde, its Foreigners and the French Nation), electronic distribution Caim for Éditions de l'EHESS (in French)
  4. ^ Fondation Gleizes, Son Oeuvre, Du «Cubisme», published by Eugène Figuière in 1912, translated to English and Russian in 1913)
  5. ^ Francis Picabia, The Spring, Museum of Modern Art

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