In SGML, HTML and XML documents, the logical constructs known as character data and attribute values consist of sequences of characters, in which each character can manifest directly (representing itself), or can be represented by a series of characters called a character reference, of which there are two types: a numeric character reference and a character entity reference. This article lists the character entity references that are valid in HTML and XML documents.
A character entity reference refers to the content of a named entity. An entity declaration is created by using the
<!ENTITY name "value"> syntax in a Document Type Definition (DTD).