The Java technology logo
|Original author(s)||James Gosling, Sun Microsystems|
|Initial release||14 April 1998|
|Stable release||14.0.1 (March 5, 2020) |
11.0.7 (April 14, 2020)
|Preview release||16+2 (June 17, 2020) |
15+28 (June 16, 2020)
|Written in||Java, C++, C,Assembly Language|
|Operating system||Microsoft Windows, Solaris, Linux, macOS|
|Platform||IA-32, x64, ARMv7, ARMv8, SPARC (Java 8 includes 32-bit support – while no longer supported freely by Oracle for commercial use – 32-bit platforms are not supported in other versions, since dropped officially in Java 10.)|
|Available in||English, Chinese, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish|
|License||Dual-license: GNU General Public License version 2 with classpath exception, and a proprietary license.|
Java is a set of computer software and specifications developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems, which was later acquired by the Oracle Corporation, that provides a system for developing application software and deploying it in a cross-platform computing environment. Java is used in a wide variety of computing platforms from embedded devices and mobile phones to enterprise servers and supercomputers. Java applets, which are less common than standalone Java applications, were commonly run in secure, sandboxed environments to provide many features of native applications through being embedded in HTML pages.
The latest version is Java 14, released in March 2020. Java, being an Open Source platform has many distributors, like Amazon, IBM, Azul Systems, AdoptOpenJDK, and many others with free and commercial support distributions (Amazon Correto, Zulu, AdoptOpenJDK, Liberica, etc), but regarding to the Oracle distribution, Java 11, is the currently supported long-term support (LTS) version ("Oracle Customers will receive Oracle Premier Support"), released on September 25, 2018. Oracle (and others) "highly recommend that you uninstall older versions of Java", because of serious risks due to unresolved security issues. Since Java 9 (and 10) is no longer supported, Oracle advises its users to "immediately transition" to Java 11 (Java 12 is also an non-LTS option). Oracle released the last free-for-commercial-use public update for the legacy Java 8 LTS in January 2019, and will continue to support Java 8 with public updates for personal use until at least December 2020. Oracle extended support for Java 6 ended in December 2018.
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